- 书籍：Psychodiagnosis: Selected papers
- 章节：Chapter 12 Why I Do Not Attend Case Conference
- 作者：P.E. Meehl
保羅·埃弗雷特·梅爾（Paul Everett Meehl）是美國明尼蘇達大學的臨床心理學家，哈撒韋和攝政心理學教授，曾任美國心理學會主席。
The main reason I rarely show up at case conferences is easily stated: The intellectual level is so low that I find them boring, sometimes even offensive.
Part I: What’s wrong?
- Buddy-buddy syndrome.
- “All evidence is equally good.”
- Reward everything – gold and garbage alike.
- Tolerance of feeble inferences.
- Failure to distinguish between an inclusion test and an exclusion test.
- Failure to distinguish between mere consistency of a sign and differential weight of a sign.
- Shift in the evidential standard, depending upon whose ox is being gored.
- Ignorance (or repression) of statistical logic.
- Forgetting Bayes’ Theorem.
- Forgetting about unreliability when interpreting score changes or difference scores.
- Reliance upon inadequate behavior samples for trait attribution.
- Inadequate consideration of whether and when the (fact -> fact) linkage is stronger or weaker than the (multiple-fact -> diagnosis -> fact) linkage.
- Failing to understand probability logic as applied to the single case.
- Inappropriate task specification.
- Asking pointless questions.
- Ambiguity of professional roles.
- Some common fallacies.